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What is the Use of FYI in Email?

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FYI

Nowadays, we hardly use inland letters. The system has become obsolete. With digitization, almost every letter is sent in the form of electronic mail. Yes, e-mail! Generally, emails are penned down for formal communication. There you must be using lots and lots of short forms. Don’t you? FYI is also one of them as said by FinanceNize.com.

What is the Full Form for FYI?

FYI full form is For Your Information. This word is generally used to pen down the message for calling attention to certain pieces of information. It is useful in the case of both informal and formal communications. With the use of short forms, you will be able to refrain from writing long sentences.

This particular word was born decades before the invention of the internet. With the mushrooming use of emails, this word gained immense popularity. Earlier in the 1930s, the use of FYI was limited to journalists only. It was used only for sentences that were not for further publications.

How to Make the Word FYI More Attractive?

Presentation plays a gigantic role in every situation. Similarly, while using short forms, it is very much essential to make use of certain techniques. If you want to get the word FYI, it must be used in caps. Whether you use it in the subject line or the email body, using the same in capital style will make the word look professional.

If it gets highlighted in the words of the readers, then the importance of the same will strike their mindset. The ones who are not aware of the same will try to know the word’s actual meaning. Else, it may get ignored and remain unrecognized. Informal or formal email, this word must be used in all capital format.

Is FYI Used in Other Instances as Well?

FYI, i.e., For Your Information and being used in the email, is used in instant messaging and other forms of messaging. It is used with the intent of communicating with the receiver so that the person may be interested in the given topic. Fortunately, this word hardly insists on performing any action.

If you are involved in business-related conversations, then also you can make use of the word FYI. As per the internet standards, FYI is a subset of the RFC series. RFC stands for Request for Comments. The FYI series of notes is designed totally for providing online users with a long repository of information regarding any topic that is related to the web.

Topics related to FYI are innumerable. They may range from historical memos to answering operational queries. The use of this word is totally up to the user. But, this word must not be used too casually for joking and other purposes.

Doing so may poorly affect the overall impression of the user.

Can the Word FYI be used among Colleagues?

Yes, of course! FYI can also be used for communicating messages among colleagues. The word suggests that no particular action is required immediately. The word may be used for sending feedback regarding any part of the project or any other purpose. All will undoubtedly appreciate emails penned in simple languages.

FYI is used for indicating a memorandum. Yes, it is a particular format of note that will help in future. Emails containing memos can be easily preserved for further purposes. Either you may mark them as starred messages or download copies in your computer system, followed by taking a print-out of the same.

Whichever way suits you, you may go with!

Can FYI Use while Chatting?

This is a common question that hovers in the minds of almost every internet user. According to experts, the use of FYI must be done with due care. Using them in chats will deteriorate its overall meaning. It may seem a bit unprofessional as well! Hence, it is preferable to use FYI at the time of penning down email letters only.

Whether you are involved in a professional conversation or an informal conversation, the use of FYI must be avoided. It may affect the overall grace of the conversation session. You may use some mimicry and laughter to make the chat session interesting.

How FYI v/s FYR?

Some of the best examples of making generous usage of FYI in emails include the following:

  • Uploading of the project
  • Disbursals of payment to be done someday
  • The coupon code is available
  • Scheduling of meeting to be done

There is a short confusion between FYI (For Your Information) and FYR (For Your Reference). If you are also facing such confusion, then here is a detailed description of the same:

FYI, i.e., For Your Information, is used to pass on some exclusive information to a recipient over the email. It will help in bringing in their knowledge regarding the information that is being passed. It can be used for communicating between team members and other employees in the company.

Whereas FYR is an abbreviated form for “For Your Reference”! It is used if the recipient already knows the particular topic. It is used in an email for sending some additional information with respect to a topic regarding which the recipient holds some knowledge. Normally, it is used with a particular group of members inside the company.

Hence, after having a crystal clear understanding of the difference between FYI and FYR, it is hoped that you will be able to make generous use of these words.

As a Final Word!

In conclusion, FYI is an acronym that is acceptable in business-related emails. Normally, it is not considered to be rude at all. Though, the work culture of every place is variable. By considering the same, it will be a great decision to pen down emails accordingly.FYI may be used at the starting of the email or in the midway.

It depends on the overall purpose of the email that is being drafted. At the time of having verbal communications, you must restrict yourself to the use of words.

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Know the Key Points That Outline the Prince 2® Framework

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PRINCE is the abbreviation for Projects in Controlled Environments. It was first invented in the UK as a step by the Government to try out new methodologies for project management. However, it soon gained vast popularity across the globe owing to its good results. AXELOS is the authority figure behind the PRINCE framework. This means that when you get the PRINCE 2 certification, it is the accreditation from AXELOS that will gain you recognition in any part of the world, wherever an organization is searching for PRINCE 2® experts to be hired. So gear yourself up, as we will take a deep dive into the key points of the PRINCE 2® framework in this article!

1.     Your Project Should Always Have a Business Justification –

Starting from the initial steps to the end results, according to the guidelines mentioned in the PRINCE2® foundation and practitioner course, every step of the project must always have a justification. There must be a factor of accountability present where the upper management must keep a check on where there is a good return on investment. Not only that, the risks of the object must be controlled, and the benefits must outweigh the setbacks of the project.

2.     Everyone Must Be Aware of Their Roles and Responsibilities –

An important aspect of the PRINCE 2® methodology is that every team member must be thoroughly aware of their roles. Not only that, but everyone must also know their responsibilities as a part of a team. This is in order to ensure that there are a few setbacks, confusion, and drastic delays as possible in the follow-up meetings. It is a common scenario in meetings to hear that “I thought Mr.X was responsible to take care of this task.” The PRINCE 2® certified project manager is responsible to look out for these scenarios.

3.     The Team Members Must Have a Controlled Focus but With a Little Room for Improvisation –

If you are working in a PRINCE 2® environment, you are expected to focus your full attention on meeting the requirements to achieve the end goal. But at the same time, you must maintain the quality of your work to the highest standard. However, the prince 2 methodology also leaves space for improvisation according to your specific work area-related requirements. If you are adopting the method, you must first identify which areas can be improvised in the methodology.

4.     The Team Must Always Keep on Evolving –

The PRINCE 2® methodology mentions a controlled environment, meaning that there must be a “lessons learned” log maintained by the team. This ensures that mistakes are avoided as much as possible. There must also be retrospective meetings where each member of the team gets to reflect on their overall performance.

Final Word

The PRINCE 2® methodology has different levels of qualification courses. This includes the PRINCE 2® Foundation course, the second one is the practitioner course. Make sure that you choose one according to your qualifications!

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11 Ways to Fix We couldn’t complete the updates, undoing changes in Windows 10

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How to solve the error message “ We couldn’t complete the updates, undoing changes – don’t turn off your computer ” on Windows 10? If you are experiencing this problem then you have come to the right site because this article will help you to get out of the problem.

Well, this Windows 10 is the latest edition of the Operating System made by Microsoft and like all other OS Windows 10 also definitely has a lot of problems. But what I’m focusing on here is when downloading a new update ( update ) and restarting the PC, the update process just crashes and Windows can’t start and what appears is an error message, read more.

And it turned out that we were just stuck in the message then I tried to wait until it was finished but in the end it didn’t work, it just restarted  by itself. In addition to the error above after the restart process is  complete, you may start seeing some progress messages like this:

“Installing Updates 15% We couldn’t complete the updates, Undoing changes, Don’t turn off your –  computer Restarting” and I have good news that the process goes up again to 30% and the bad news is the computer restarts again and this will continue to occur if you do not make changes to your PC.

Cause of error We couldn’t complete the update, undoing changes

  • Windows Update can’t download smoothly. If the updates that Windows installed don’t download properly, this could cause an error to appear.
  • Insufficient hard disk space. In some cases, if you don’t have enough space for updates on your system volume, the problem could also be because of that.
  • The update was interrupted during installation. If the update is interrupted during the installation process like PC shuts down, etc. Errors can be caused by it.
  • System files are corrupted. Another factor causing this problem to appear is your corrupted system files.
  • There are applications, drivers etc that are not compatible with your PC. If indeed you have recently installed additional applications then it is highly recommended to delete them.

How to solve the error message We couldn’t complete the updates, undoing changes

Run CMD (Command Prompt) in Administrator mode.

Now type the following code then hit enter for each line of code:

  1. net stop wuauserv
    2. net stop bits
    3. net stop cryptSvc
    4. net stop msiserver

Then open file explorer then delete all files and folders in  C:WindowsSoftwareDistribution .

Now open CMD again and still in admin mode then type the following code and hit enter:

  1. net start wuauserv
    2. net start cryptSvc
    3. net start bits
    4. net start msiserver

Restart your PC to save the rules.

Try to reinstall Windows updates and this time it should work.

If you’re afraid you’re having the same or another problem, you can create a restore point before you download Windows updates.

Download Windows Update Troubleshooter

  • Please download Windows Update Troubleshooter .
  • Once the file is successfully downloaded, double click on the file to run it.
  • Select Windows Update and click Next .
  • Follow the instructions given.
  • If a problem is found, please click ” Apply this fix “.
  • Please to install Windows updates again.

Run the Readiness App

  • Press the Windows icon + R , then type services.msc .
  • Many services will appear in a new window, please look for a service called App Readiness and then double click it.
  • Change the Startup Type to Automatic and click Start .
  • Click Apply and then click OK .
  • Restart your PC and the problem should be resolved.

Disable Automatic Updates

  • Please press Windows + R again and type services.msc .
  • Now locate the service named Windows Updates and double click on the service it.
  • Change the Startup Type to Disabled then click Stop .
  • Click Apply then OK .
  • Restart the PC and try to reinstall Windows updates.

Increase Partition Size for System

Note: If you are using Drive Encryption like Bit Locker then you will need to remove it.

  • You can increase the partition size manually or using the EaseUS application .
  • Press Windows + R and type diskmgmt.msc .
  • Now to increase the size of the Partition you must at least have one empty partition first.
  • To create it, right-click on the partition to be freed and then click Shrink Volume .
  • After that, right-click on the partition that was successfully shrink and then click Extend Volume .
  • Restart the PC and the error message should no longer appear.

Use Alternative Method

If the five methods above still don’t solve your problem, maybe you can use the alternative methods below:

  • First, you can download CC Cleaner for and run a scan to fix registry problems.
  • Second, create a new admin account and you can run updates using that account.
  • Third, if you know which update is causing the problem then you can download it manually and try to install the update. The update file can be seen here:  https://catalog.update.microsoft.com/ .
  • Fourth, remove any kind of VPN installation on your PC.
  • Fifth, try to turn off antivirus and turn off Windows Firewall.
  • Sixth, try to refresh the PC and the system will automatically fix the problem if detected.

Note: The method below is a way for those of you who cannot enter the Windows menu and if you can enter the Windows menu then you must try the method described above.

Use System Restore

  • You must have a cassette / Flashdisk containing a bootable Windows 10.
  • Restart your Windows 10.
  • During the restart process, please enter the BIOS and on the boot menu select USB or DVD/CD according to the bootable you entered, whether flash or cassette.
  • Restart your PC.
  • If bootable is detected, Windows setup will appear then click Repair your computer .
  • After that on the Choose an option menu , select Troubleshoot .
  • After entering the Troubleshoot menu, select Advanced Options .
  • Then, on the Advanced options menu click System Restore .
  • Select the restore point that was created before the Windows update.
  • When Windows restarts you won’t get any more error messages.
  • If this method works then you should keep trying method no 1 above.

Delete Problematic File Updates

  • Do the same thing as number 7 above until you enter the Windows setup menu.
  • Still the same, please click Repair your computer .
  • Go to the Troubleshoot → Advanced Options → Command Prompt menu .
  • Type the following code and hit enter at each line of code:
  1. cd C:Windows
    2. del C:WindowsSoftwareDistribution*.* /s /q
  • Close the command prompt and restart your PC.
  • You will be able to enter the Windows menu.
  • If the error message sometimes still appears then you should try methods 1-6 above.

Run SFC and DISM

  • Still run the command prompt in the manner described above.
  • Type sfc /scannow in cmd and press enter.
  • Wait until the scanning process is complete usually takes 5-15 minutes.
  • If so then type the following code and press enter on each line of code:
  1. Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth
    2. Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
    3. Dism /online /Cleanup-Image /startcomponentcleanup
    4. Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  • Attention: the above process is not a fast process, this process can take up to 2 hours or even 5 hours according to your computer specifications.
  • After the Dism process is run, then you repeat again method no 2 in this section.
  • Restart the PC and the problem will be resolved.

Turn off Secure Boot

  • Restart your PC.
  • When the computer starts up, please enter the BIOS menu.
  • Find the Secure Boot setting and change it to disabled , usually Secure Boot is on the Security tab, Authentication Tab, or Boot Tab.
  • Caution: After disabling Secure Boot, it may be difficult to re-enable Secure Boot unless you have to factory reset your PC.
  •  Restart your PC and the error should no longer appear.
  • If successful, please re-enable secure boot earlier.

Remove System Reserved Partition

Open CMD like method no 8 above and enter the following code:

  1. bcdboot C:Windows /s C:
    2. diskpart
    3. list vol
    4. select vol (Select System Volume)
    5. act
    6. list vol
    7. select vol (Select System Reserved Volume)
    8. inactive
    9. exit

You can see the system volume and system reserved volume in the info and label section of cmd.

Configure BCD with the following code:

  1. bcdedit /set {bootmgr} device partition=C:
    2. bcdedit /set {default} device partition=C:
    3. bcdedit /set {default} osdevice partition=C:

Before making changes or rebooting , make sure you have Windows installation DVD or WinPE/WinRE Cd or USB flash Drive in case of Windows Boot failure. If Windows won’t boot, use the Windows installation disc to boot  which can be seen here: How to Make a WinPE Bootable USB .

After that, at the command prompt type the following code:

  1. bootrec /fixmbr
    2. bootrec /fixboot
    3. bootrec /rebuildbcd

After the reboot process , move WinRE from the system reserved partition to the system partition .

Now reopen the command prompt and type the code below and change the drive letter according to your partition letter which can be seen on diskpart.

  1. diskpart
    2. list vol
    3. select vol <Recovery Volume>
    4. assign let=R
    5. Disable WinRE:
    6. reagentc /disable
  1. Remove WinRE from the reserved partition with the code  rd R:Recovery .
  2. Copy WinRE to the system partition with the code  robocopy C:WindowsSystem32Recovery R:RecoveryWindowsRE WinRE.wim /copyall /dcopy:t .
  3. Configure WinRE :  reagentc /setreimage /path C:RecoveryWindowsRE .
  4. Finally enable WinRE :  reagentc /enable .
  5. For future use, create a new partition at the end of the drive (after the OS partition) and save the WinRE and OSI (Original System Installation) folder containing all the files contained in the Windows 10 DVD. Make sure you have enough free space on your hard disk to create this partition drive (usually 100GB). If you choose to create this partition, it is important that you set the partition ID flag to 27 (0x27) using Diskpart, which determines that it is the Recovery partition.

The final word

If nothing else works then Restore your PC to an earlier time ( restore point ), remove the problematic update from Control Panel, disable automatic updates and use your PC normally until Microsoft attempts to fix this update issue. In a few days, maybe 20-30 days, try to install the update again, if it still fails, please try the above method again. As for if you don’t want Windows updates and want Windows to return to normal then the most effective solution is to reinstall.

That’s about How to Overcome We couldn’t complete the updates, undoing changes in Windows 10, please ask if there are other problems in the comments section. Thank you..

 

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Beginners Steps to Land on a DevOps Engineer Profile

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Considering the current IT market, the domain that looks like the best option for the IT folks’ career growth and salary is DevOps. DevOps is not a technology or a tool. Still, it is a culture, practice, or movement that emphasizes the communication and collaboration of both developers and operations teams while working on the automation of software infrastructure and delivery process. But the question that arises is what steps you must take to become a DevOps Engineer? Well, to answer it, the simple solution is DevOps Engineer Certification. But before that, let us dive into the process step-by-step and understand how you can practice DevOps effectively.

Organizations need people who are collaborative for adopting DevOps practices. They need people who are willing to change and are comfortable in adopting new technologies. Considering a tooling perspective, a good understanding of automation tools, systems, CI tools, networking, version control systems, and having experience in using various project management tools will help in paving the path for the adoption of DevOps.

The bitter fact is that you must understand that DevOps is not just for some systems or developers engineers. It is for anyone passionate about evolving technologies, practices, and willingness to work in a collaborative environment and work on automation to make everyone’s life better and easier. Here are a few steps that you can follow to land on a DevOps engineer profile:

Know the DevOps Culture

Before becoming a DevOps engineer, the first and foremost thing to do is understand the DevOps culture. DevOps is all about various teams working together to accomplish a common goal. We need DevOps to reduce the blame game in the company and establish a culture between different IT teams for better communication and hence better outcomes. Also, once you start practicing DevOps culture and understand it completely, you will realize that “Automation and CI/CD is DevOps” is a myth. With DevOps master certification, you can understand it better.

Learn the Unix System

We are living in an era where life without Linux or Unix systems is close to impossible. You should understand these systems better and know about various Linux distributions and their highly used workings (such as Ubuntu, RHEL, CoreOS, Centos, etc.). In the world of Unix, it’s all about terminal and less about GUI. So, start getting your hands dirty with the terminals of Unix systems.

Understand the Infrastructure and Working of Components

The primary building block of an organization is nothing but its infrastructure. It can either be on the on-premise data center or the cloud. Having an overview and understanding of the infrastructure components is a must for an individual aspiring to work in or practice in a DevOps environment. It will help gain a basic knowledge of networking, storage, single sign-on, load balancers, security, VPN, security, etc.

Get Cloud Certification

When it is about getting certification, don’t try to give the exam for the sake of a certificate, but do it only when you mean it. It will add significant value to your resume and will also help in boosting your knowledge. It won’t just be helpful for you but also for the organization to show that they have certified cloud engineers on board. You can pick one public cloud and gain knowledge of its core infrastructure services. To understand how it works in a better manner, do hands-on work on all the core services. You can get a DevOps Master certification, which can help you learn this better.

Learn Automating

These days no servers are created manually. It’s all about automation, and automation has become a crucial aspect of every company. These days right from application configuration, to provisioning servers, to deployment, everything must be automated, and hence you must spread your arms across various DevOps tools that meet your requirement. For example – Vagrant, Minikube, Docker Desktop, Minishift, CLIs, Terraform, Packer, Saltstack, Ansible, Puppet, Chef, etc.

Distributed Systems, Containers, & Service Mesh

The adoption of containers is increasing as the days are passing by. It might be a case that the organization you are working in doesn’t work using containers now. But, it is always preferred to have hands-on knowledge of different container technology, for example, docker. It provides a competitive edge among others. On completing docker, you can also try orchestration tools and clustering like Docker Swarm, Kubernetes, etc. The platforms mentioned are best suited for architecture based on microservice.

Logging and Monitoring

The fundamental aspects of infrastructure are monitoring and logging. Almost all the apps deployed in the infrastructure produce metrics and logs. Depending on the design and architecture, records are stored in the logging infrastructure. All the companies will have a monitoring and logging infrastructure. The most widely used logging stacks are ELK and Splunk. There are also a few SaaS that provide the logging infrastructure, for example, Loggly.

DevSecOps

You must also understand the best security practices. DevSecOps is another domain that works on integrating security practices in every stage of the DevOps. Especially in a cloud environment, the most common attack is crypto mining. Usually, this happens in an organization when they don’t maintain the cloud access secrets properly. This helps the hackers to get access to it easily.

Learn Scripting and Coding

To collaborate better, you need to understand the Developers’ world better. And for doing so, you need to understand the development process of an organization. So, understanding APIs, programming, etc., will help you collaborate better and troubleshoot things.

Learn Git

Having version control for everything you do is essential. It won’t take much of your time to learn, and also, it is crucial to understand the git operations anyway. You can take up some time to learn the tutorials available online. And, of course, Git is always the best version control tool you can ask for.

Conclusion

DevOps is a promising career path with a flourishing future growth. DevOps Engineer Course can help an individual in making a great start to their journey in DevOps.

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