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All about fibroids and how to treat them

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What are fibroids?

A fibroid is a noncancerous lump of growth in the uterus. The size of a fibroid can range from as small as a pea to as large as a basketball size. They can grow anywhere in the uterus and are usually pinkish. Fibroids are seen among women between the age of 35 and 45 and women above 30 years and older have an almost 30% chance of developing it. Some women are more likely than others to develop fibroids such as women who have never been pregnant and women who have a family history of fibroids.

Although the cause of fibroid is unknown it is seen that the female hormone estrogen plays a role in stimulating its growth. 

Types

Fibroids are classified based on their location in the uterus.

Following are the three main types of fibroids:

  • Subserosal fibroids: these are the most common ones which develop outside of the uterus.
  • Intramural fibroids: they are seen to grow inside the muscular wall of the uterus.
  • Submucosal fibroids: They are seen to grow in the open space inside the uterus.

 Some women do not show symptoms therefore it is never established that they have fibroids. Some discover during routine gynecologic exams or during prenatal care. 

Following would be the symptoms when fibroid occurs: 

  • Pain and pressure in the pelvic area.
  • Heavy bleeding during menstruation.
  • Spotting in between menstrual cycle. 
  • Abnormal swellings
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue or low energy.
  • Heavy bleeding or excessive bleeding.
  • Lower back pain during intercourse.
  • Low back pain during menstrual period. 
  • If fibroids are blocking the fallopian tube would lead to infertility.
  • Repeated miscarriages.
  • Constipation.

Diagnosis

A woman does not realize that she has a fibroid until her gynecologist feels it during a pelvic exam. If it is suspected then several tests can confirm the diagnosis. 

  • Pelvic ultrasound — a wand-like instrument is moved in the lower abdomen or may be inserted into your vagina to view the pelvic region more closely. The instrument produces sound waves which help in producing images that are later inspected by a doctor. 
  •  Hysterosalpingogram — it is a kind of X-ray process; a dye is injected into the uterus and the fallopian tube so that they can spot any kind of irregularities. 
  • Hysteroscopy — is a process where a small telescope-like instrument is inserted through the vagina. It helps the doctor to check for any kind of abnormal growth inside the uterus.
  • Laparoscopy — in this process a laparoscope which is a thin tube-like instrument is inserted through an incision in the belly so that an expert can inspect the abdomen and check for abnormalities.

 

 

Treatment

Fibroids mostly do not show symptoms they shrink or disappear after menopause. But if it causes any discomfort various treatments can help. Doctors may suggest various treatments according to the severity of the symptom and location of the fibroid. You can check out with your gynecologist the average cost of fibroid removal and go for it if needed and suggested by him. 

Medication

The first line of treatment is managing the condition by medication. The different medicines which can be used for fibroids are as follows.

  • GnRH agonists

GnRH is a drug that when used produces less estrogen and progesterone. They can cause menopause-like symptoms which include hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and in some cases a higher risk of osteoporosis. The drug is for short-term use only and doctors may give this drug before surgery to shrink the fibroid.

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen can be used to reduce fibroid pain. 

  • Hormonal birth control

Oral contraceptives can also be prescribed as it is said to maintain the cycle and also reduce pain or bleeding during periods. 

Surgery

Severe fibroids may not respond to medications, in such cases surgery may be the best treatment option.

The following procedures can be done:

Hysterectomy

A hysterectomy is the removal of the partial or total of the uterus. Total hysterectomy can prevent the return of fibroids. Surgeons may also remove ovaries and fallopian tubes. This can show side effects such as early menopause and reduced libido. 

Myomectomy

This process removes fibroids from the muscular walls of the uterus. This is for people who still want to have a child.

Endometrial ablation

If fibroids are on the inner surface of the uterus removal of the uterine lining may help. It may be an effective alternative to a hysterectomy for some people with fibroids. 

Laser fibroid removal

This is less invasive where the laser is used to remove the fibroid. The laser fibroid removal cost may vary and you can enquire about it and discuss it with your gynecologist. 

Conclusion

A healthy lifestyle and maintaining a moderate weight, and regular exercise can help in maintaining estrogen levels thus reducing the chance of developing fibroids. 

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What is a Fracture?

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A fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone; it can be partial or complete, and it can involve one or more bones. Fractures are generally caused by trauma, such as a car accident, a fall, or an impact from another object. They can also be caused by diseases such as osteoporosis. Today, we want to discuss fractures in more detail because we often see lots of questions surrounding the topic.

What’s a Fracture?

We touched on it in the introduction, but a fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone. What does this mean? Well, if you imagine a bone as being a long, solid rod, then a fracture is any break in that rod. The break can be partial or complete, and it can involve one or more bones. While a partial fracture means the bone is still partially attached, a complete fracture means the bone is completely detached.

There are different types of fractures, but the most common are:

  • Greenstick fractures – this is where the bone cracks but doesn’t break all the way through
  • Transverse fractures – these are horizontal breaks in the bone
  • Oblique fractures – these are angled breaks in the bone
  • Comminuted fractures – this is where the bone shatters into several pieces

Causes of Fractures

Fractures are generally caused by trauma, such as a car accident, a fall, or a direct blow to the bone. They can also be caused by repetitive stress injuries, such as those seen in athletes who play high-intensity sports. On the other hand, fractures aren’t normally caused by lighter exercises like walking. Typically, walking and lighter exercise leads to problems with the muscles, ligaments, and joints rather than fractures in the bone.

At this point, it’s important to mention osteoarthritis. This is a condition where the cartilage breaks down, causing the bones to rub against each other. Osteoarthritis can lead to fractures, but it’s a different kind of injury. Also, osteoporosis is a condition where the bones become weakened and more susceptible to fractures.

Symptoms of a Fracture

How do you know if you have a fracture? Here are some common symptoms:

  • Severe pain at the site of the injury
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness
  • Deformity (if the bone is out of place)
  • Inability to move

If you’re currently walking around and putting weight through the leg, you probably don’t have a fracture. Typically, fractures happen when there’s a high-impact force (think: car accident, fall from a height) that causes the bone to break. Therefore, you’re likely to get medical attention because of the accident rather than needing to call an expert after.

Treating a Fracture

So, how do you treat a fracture? If the bone is out of place, the first step is to realign it (called a reduction). This can be done by manually manipulating the bone back into place or by surgically placing pins, screws, or plates to keep the bone in its proper position. Once the bone is aligned, it will need to heal; this process can take anywhere from weeks to months, depending on the extent of the injury and surgery.

During this time, you’ll likely be on crutches or in a cast/splint to keep the bone from moving. You’ll also need to see a doctor regularly to make sure the bone is healing properly. Dr. David Slattery is an orthopedic surgeon and one of the most reputable professionals in this industry, so this gives you an insight into the sort of expert you’ll see after a fracture.

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Healthy Pregnancy: Importance of Prenatal Care

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Prenatal care is one of the most important things you can do for a healthy pregnancy. It’s vital to your health and the health of your baby. Prenatal Vitamins are necessary for a developing baby and a pregnant woman needs 400 micrograms of folic acid daily. These Pregnancy Vitamins are essential to maintain a healthy pregnancy and prevent congenital disabilities in the baby.

Prenatal care includes regular check-ups with your healthcare provider, who will monitor your baby’s health and development. These appointments are an opportunity to ask questions, get information and support, and address any concerns you may have. 

Prenatal care can help identify potential problems early when they’re most easily treated. It can also help you manage a healthy pregnancy by:

  • Providing information on how to have a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy
  • Offering advice on nutrition and exercise during pregnancy
  • Helping you manage any medical conditions that may arise during pregnancy
  • Offering guidance on managing stress during pregnancy

Prenatal care is essential for a healthy pregnancy and healthy baby. If you’re pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, make an appointment with your healthcare provider to get started on prenatal care.

10 Questions to Ask Your Doctor at Your Prenatal Visits

Regular prenatal visits are a great time to talk to your doctor or midwife about any questions about your pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Here are some important topics to discuss:

1. What Physical Changes Can I Expect During Pregnancy?

During your pregnancy, you’ll experience various physical changes as your body adjusts to accommodate your growing baby. These changes can include weight gain, skin changes, and swelling in the extremities. It’s important to discuss any concerns you have about these changes with your doctor or midwife.

2. How Hormonal Changes During Pregnancy Can Affect Me?

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause a variety of symptoms, including mood swings, fatigue, and nausea. It’s important to discuss any concerns you have with your doctor or midwife. They can offer guidance on how to manage these symptoms.

3. What Can I Do to Cope With Stress During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy can be a stressful time. It’s important to discuss any concerns you have about stress with your doctor or midwife. They can offer guidance on relaxation techniques and stress management. However, here are some ways that may help you cope with stress during pregnancy:

  • Staying active and getting regular exercise
  • Eating a healthy diet
  • Getting plenty of rest
  • Limiting your exposure to stressful situations
  • Seeking social support from family and friends

4. What Are the Signs of Labor?

Knowing the signs of labor is important so you can be prepared for when it begins. These signs can include contractions, effacement of the cervix, and dilation of the cervix. Discuss any concerns you have with your doctor or midwife.

5. What Are the Different Types of Delivery?

There are several different types of delivery, including vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery, and assisted delivery. Discuss your preferences with your doctor or midwife. They can help you understand the risks and benefits of each type of delivery.

Vaginal delivery: Vaginal delivery is the most common type of delivery. It involves delivering the baby through the birth canal. This type of delivery generally has a shorter recovery time than other types of delivery.

Cesarean delivery: Cesarean delivery, also known as a C-section, is a type of delivery in which the baby is delivered through an incision in the mother’s abdomen. This type of delivery may be necessary if the baby is in a breech position or if there are other complicating factors.

Assisted delivery: Assisted delivery is a type of delivery in which instruments, such as forceps or a vacuum extractor, are used to help deliver the baby. This type of delivery may be necessary if the mother is tired or the baby is large.

6. What Are the Signs of Preterm Labor?

Preterm labor is labor that begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Knowing the signs of preterm labor is important so you can seek medical help if necessary. These signs can include contractions, effacement of the cervix, and dilation of the cervix. If you notice any of these signs, get in touch with your doctor or midwife immediately.

7. What Is the Difference Between True Labor Contractions and Braxton Hicks Contractions?

During pregnancy, you can experience Braxton Hicks contractions, painless contractions of the uterus. These contractions are often referred to as false labor. True labor contractions, on the other hand, are regular and painful contractions that indicate that labor is beginning. Contact your doctor or midwife if you’re unsure whether you’re experiencing these two contractions.

8. When Should I Go to the Hospital if I Think I’m in Labor?

If you think you are in labor, it’s important to contact your doctor or midwife. They will be able to determine whether you are in labor and, if so, when you should go to the hospital. In general, you should go to the hospital when your contractions are 5 minutes apart and last for 60 seconds each. However, if you are experiencing other symptoms, such as vaginal bleeding or amniotic fluid leakage, you should go to the hospital immediately.

9. What Are My Options for Pain Relief During Labor and Delivery?

There are several options for pain relief during labor and delivery. These options can include medication, such as an epidural, or non-medication methods, such as massage or breathing techniques. Discuss your preferences with your doctor or midwife. They can help you understand the risks and benefits of each option.

10. What Is the Postpartum Period?

The postpartum period is the time after delivery when your body is adjusting to the new baby. This period can last for up to 6 weeks. During this time, you may experience mood swings, fatigue, and changes in your breasts and vagina. It’s important to get plenty of rest and eat a healthy diet during this time. Here are some tips for taking care of yourself during the postpartum period:

  • Get plenty of rest: Sleep when your baby sleeps. This will help you recover from labor and delivery’s physical and emotional stress.
  • Eat a healthy diet: Eating healthy will help you heal and give you energy.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking: Alcohol and smoking can interfere with your recovery.
  • Exercise: Walking is a great way to get some exercise and fresh air.

Being pregnant and giving birth is a significant event in your life. It’s normal to have questions and concerns about labor and delivery. Be sure to discuss your questions and concerns with your doctor or midwife so you can be as prepared as possible for labor and delivery.

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Know about 3 Main Things That May Be the Cause of Your Hair Dandruff

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Haircare is important in the present time. You would never want that your personality goes for a toss because of hair issues. What is the point if your hair is getting harmed and even going bald because of dandruff? So, make sure that you are taking good care of your hair and ensure that you have a healthy and fulfilling time. One thing that you can certainly do is use medicated shampoo for dandruff in India and ensure that you get the relief from your hair dandruff.

It is always good to know what may be triggering the issue for you. So, here are some reasons that trigger dandruff in most of the people.

Extensively Dry skin

There could be dry skin that may be triggering dandruff for you. In case dry skin is causing your dandruff, it might be easy to tell because other areas of your body are likely to be dry as well. Dry skin can actually worsen throughout the year because of temperature, and the same goes for your overall scalp as well. However, a dry scalp that triggers dandruff is treatable, similar to that of dry skin anywhere else. You just need to moisturize, mainly as you are shampooing quite often.

There are different hair products out there catered to a dry scalp. A healing hair mask is going to certainly help add moisture to your scalp. However, it is crucial to pick a product that is free of any sort of irritants. 

Lack of shampooing

It is recommended that you should definitely shampoo at least two times a week. It is even believed that too much shampooing even triggers dandruff. Remember, it is not always the case that too much shampooing triggers dandruff. But one thing is for sure; if you are not shampooing your hair regularly, it will definitely bring dandruff.

In case you are not shampooing enough, it is not really just unhygienic. It can also lead to extensive dandruff. Not shampooing can trigger oil to accumulate and build upon your skin that of which can cause dandruff. This might either mean that you are not making use of shampoo, or the shampoo you are using is simply not strong enough to break down the oil fence that is contributing to dandruff.

Some sort of allergy

Many individuals are allergic to a huge variety of products and food items, but most of them stay unaware of such allergies. If you are someone who has recently experienced dandruff, it is sensible to look back if you have eaten or used something new. There is a chance that you might be allergic to it, and the reaction has headed to dandruff build-up. This is much more common when you try to make use of some new product on your hair. 

Conclusion 

So, since you know about what the reason of your dandruff issue could be, do something about it. Start using dandruff medical shampooindia and ensure your hair stay stunning, smart and absolutely exciting.

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