Dry and damaged hair is caused by a lack of moisture. Not being nourished enough or unable to retain moisture. Makes my hair weightless, frizzy, brittle and easily broken. There are many causes of dry and damaged hair. This may be caused by improper hair care, weather conditions, age, and certain congenital diseases.
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The sebaceous glands at the hair follicles produce natural sebum (Sebum) which coats the hair’s outer layer to maintain moisture inside. Helps my hair look shiny and healthy. If there are factors affecting the function of the sebaceous glands around the hair May cause dry hair This article has compiled techniques to restore dry and damaged hair back to health that you can easily follow.
What causes dry hair?
Dry and damaged hair can be caused by the following factors.
Healthy hair contains natural fats that provide adequate hydration. If the hair roots produce less fat than normal The scalp and hair are dehydrated. Therefore, it may be one of the reasons that cause dry and damaged hair.
Dry scalp can be caused by factors such as dry and cold weather. washing your hair too often Contact Dermatitis from using shampoo or hair care products Or getting older. In addition, people with dry scalp may have a flaky scalp or dandruff. which negatively affects personality and confidence
loss of the outer layer of the hair
Hair scales, or cuticles, are the strongest. It acts as a shield to protect the hair from heat and UV (UV) rays. to retain moisture within the hair If the outer layer of the hair is damaged Hair can lose moisture and become dry and damaged.
Dry, damaged hair can be a sign of a number of health problems, including:
– Eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and malnutrition
– Hormonal disorders such as low parathyroid hormone (Hypoparathyroidism) and hypothyroidism (Hypothyroidism), etc.
– A genetic disorder that causes abnormal levels of copper in the body, such as Menkes Syndrome.
These health problems cause hair to lack nutrients or hormones needed for hair growth. As a result, the hair becomes dry, brittle, breaks and falls out easily.
hair care behavior
Improper hair care, such as washing your hair too often, using shampoos, conditioners, and styling products that contain harsh chemicals Using heat to dry hair Using a hair straightener and regular electric hair curlers including coloring, straightening or chemical perming It may damage your hair and make it dry and damaged easily.
Dry weather and high temperatures. Doing outdoor activities that expose me to the sun and wind often, or swimming in chlorine-rich pools or in salty seawater. It may be a factor that causes dry hair.
Hormonal changes as you get older Causing gray hair, thinning hair and hair loss. It also results in a decrease in sebum production at the hair follicles. So my hair is even more dry. It is common when women enter the menopause (Menopause).
Techniques to restore dry and damaged hair to be soft and smooth.
Healthy hair is Hair that is soft, shiny, weightless, not dry, frizzy, frizzy or tangled. Regular care is required. both from using hair care products and eating To maintain healthy hair from within
– washing hair
Most shampoos contain sulfate, a surfactant that causes lather. Helps to cleanse the dirt that is left on the scalp and hair. as well as getting rid of the fat needed for the hair and scalp. Those with dry and damaged hair should choose a shampoo that does not contain sulfates. To protect the hair from chemical exposure and help the hair to be better health.
In addition, if you wash your hair with too hot water. Might dry out my hair even more. Therefore, it is best to wash your hair with warm or cold water to prevent the natural fat loss of the hair.
– Adding moisture to the hair
Use a conditioner after washing your hair every time. It will nourish the hair and replenish the moisture lost after shampooing. May use leave-in conditioners or hair oils after shampooing, such as coconut oil, olive oil and argan oil, etc., focusing on the ends of the hair. which is the part that is dry and easy to point
– hair combing
Incorrect combing can cause hair to fall out, become brittle and easily break. If I have tangled hair Use a wide-toothed brush or comb to loosen tangled hair. This will help prevent frizz or hair loss.
After washing hair Use a towel to absorb water gently. Do not wipe or rub your hair vigorously as it will cause more hair loss. And should let the hair dry naturally. Then gently comb your hair. Because it will be easier to clean the tangled hair while the hair is dry. and reduce hair loss better than wet hair
– hair styling
Regular use of heat styling hair It is a major cause of dry and damaged hair. Therefore, heating devices should not be used. like a hair dryer, hair straightener and hair curlers more than 1 time per week And always use a spray or serum that protects your hair from heat first. Avoid frequent use of harsh chemicals on your hair, such as coloring, straightening, or permanent curling. Because these chemicals can cause hair to become dry and weak.
– Additional hair care
Strong sunlight and high winds can dry out your hair. Therefore, use a sun protection spray for hair before leaving the house. Wear a hat while doing outdoor activities. and avoid exposure to sunlight for a long time If your hair is dry and damaged from the damage of the sun. Aloe vera gel may be applied to the hair. to add moisture to the hair
Always wear a swim cap to protect your hair from direct exposure to chlorine. Wet your hair before entering the pool. This will prevent the absorption of chlorine into the hair. And should wash your hair thoroughly after swimming. Use a gentle shampoo or shampoo specifically for use after swimming. to remove chlorine from the hair Then use the conditioner as usual.
Another healthy hair secret for dry hair is Trimming the ends of the hair slightly every 6–8 weeks, which in addition to helping cut hair that split ends. It also makes the overall hair condition look healthier as well.
– eating nutritious food
Nutrients that are useful for maintaining healthy hair include protein, which is an essential component of hair. Helps to strengthen hair, not brittle easily Including vitamins and minerals that are essential for hair growth. Such as iron, zinc (Zinc), vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D and biotin.
– Treatment of diseases that cause dry and damaged hair
If there is a congenital disease that affects the occurrence of dry and damaged hair. You should see your doctor for a checkup. The doctor may prescribe medication or treatment with appropriate and targeted methods. This may improve symptoms, including dry and damaged hair.
Dry and damaged hair is often caused by improper hair care. or caused by abnormalities in the body If left unattended Dry and damaged hair can become brittle, break, and fall out easily. If you modify your hair care method, you still can’t restore dry and damaged hair. You should consult your doctor to determine the cause and get advice on proper hair care.
All About the Types of MRIs
In medical diagnostic imaging centers, magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, is a routine technique. Using a powerful magnet and computer inside a tube-shaped device, MRI scans provide images of the body’s internal organs. In order to diagnose and treat a number of conditions, including brain injury, cancer, stroke, heart disease, joint damage, and more, your doctor could recommend that you have an MRI scan at an advanced diagnostic imaging facility. An intense magnetic field and radio waves are used in MRI to provide precise images of the body’s organs and tissues. So, this article will help you to find out more about MRI scans, how they function, and how medical professionals use them. Let’s find out.
What Is MRI Scan?
An MRI scan, also known as magnetic resonance imaging, is a painless procedure that generates crystal-clear images of the organs and internal body parts. These finely detailed images are created by MRI using a powerful magnet, radio waves, and a computer. The scanner is often shaped like a long tube with a table in the center into which the patient can slide.MRI scans do not contain potentially harmful ionizing radiation, unlike CT scans and X-rays.
Types of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
The computer connected to the scanner picks up on these various responses and converts them into a visual picture of how the patient’s body is internally operating. In the past, all MRI machines were visually and functionally identical. Today, there are three main types of MRI scanners. They are;
Traditional Closed MRI
A patient lies within a sizable tube called a closed MRI machine. Almost always, this kind of scanner yields a very high-quality image. Sometimes, the comfort of the patient in these devices is a concern. Patients who are claustrophobic may fear because of the tiny tube they must sleep in.
Open MRI Scans
The open MRI was created in an effort to provide claustrophobic patients with better comfort and to enable the scanning of obese patients. Due to fewer magnets, older open-type scanners did not create images of particularly high quality. The capabilities of the new devices are extremely close to those of a closed MRI. These still need the patient to lie down, but they do not entirely confine the patient.
Standing or Sitting MRI
Although these devices aid in patient comfort, the image quality is currently substandard. These devices might become higher quality in the future, which would greatly increase their utility. They are currently only helpful in a few extremely particular situations.
Open MRI vs. Closed MRI
Although closed MRIs are more frequent than open MRIs, if you have claustrophobia or other claustrophobia-related symptoms, you can choose an open MRI instead. The major goal of open MRI is to bring comfort to claustrophobic individuals. Furthermore, there are other differences between an open MRI and a closed MRI they are;
The typical MRI technology is the closed MRI, which consists of a cylindrical space from which the patient is transported. Because of this, the patients must lie on their backs in a small, enclosed area with the exception of the opening through which they were forced into the vessel. The standard size of a conventional MRI bore is 60 cm, while a wide-bore MRI has a bore size of 70 cm. The most important benefit of a closed MRI is that it yields more thorough results. You will receive better-quality images thanks to its stronger magnetic field, which will aid doctors in making a more accurate diagnosis.
Closed MRI disadvantages
- While resting on the equipment, all patients must maintain complete stillness.
- All patients who suffer from claustrophobia should be concerned about it.
- These systems are quite loud since they generate a loud thumping sound while scanning.
- The equipment won’t easily accommodate larger patients.
- Open MRI
Open MRI was developed with people’s comfort in mind, especially for those who are naturally claustrophobic. It is designed such that it resembles a doughnut with open sides hovering above the patient’s head rather than being cylindrical. The magnets are positioned above and below the patient rather than all around them.
Open MRI disadvantages
- Provides images that are of lower quality compared to closed MRIs.
- Getting the images out of the open MRI takes a little while.
MRI scan side effects
A patient experiencing negative effects from an MRI scan is quite unusual. However, some people may have nausea, headaches, discomfort, or burning where the contrast dye was injected. If your MRI involves the use of contrast material, there is a very small chance that you will experience an allergic response. Typically, these responses are minor and manageable with medicine. There will be a medical professional on hand to help you right away if you experience an allergic response.
Strong magnets and radio wave signals used by the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner may cause some metal things in your body to heat up or even move. Health and safety hazards could arise as a result of this. The resolution and detail of an MRI image are fairly high, and it is capable of detecting minute alterations in bodily structures. To improve the accuracy of the pictures during several procedures, contrast chemicals like gadolinium are employed. Hope this article helped you to know about the types of MRI’s.
What is a Fracture?
A fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone; it can be partial or complete, and it can involve one or more bones. Fractures are generally caused by trauma, such as a car accident, a fall, or an impact from another object. They can also be caused by diseases such as osteoporosis. Today, we want to discuss fractures in more detail because we often see lots of questions surrounding the topic.
What’s a Fracture?
We touched on it in the introduction, but a fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone. What does this mean? Well, if you imagine a bone as being a long, solid rod, then a fracture is any break in that rod. The break can be partial or complete, and it can involve one or more bones. While a partial fracture means the bone is still partially attached, a complete fracture means the bone is completely detached.
There are different types of fractures, but the most common are:
- Greenstick fractures – this is where the bone cracks but doesn’t break all the way through
- Transverse fractures – these are horizontal breaks in the bone
- Oblique fractures – these are angled breaks in the bone
- Comminuted fractures – this is where the bone shatters into several pieces
Causes of Fractures
Fractures are generally caused by trauma, such as a car accident, a fall, or a direct blow to the bone. They can also be caused by repetitive stress injuries, such as those seen in athletes who play high-intensity sports. On the other hand, fractures aren’t normally caused by lighter exercises like walking. Typically, walking and lighter exercise leads to problems with the muscles, ligaments, and joints rather than fractures in the bone.
At this point, it’s important to mention osteoarthritis. This is a condition where the cartilage breaks down, causing the bones to rub against each other. Osteoarthritis can lead to fractures, but it’s a different kind of injury. Also, osteoporosis is a condition where the bones become weakened and more susceptible to fractures.
Symptoms of a Fracture
How do you know if you have a fracture? Here are some common symptoms:
- Severe pain at the site of the injury
- Deformity (if the bone is out of place)
- Inability to move
If you’re currently walking around and putting weight through the leg, you probably don’t have a fracture. Typically, fractures happen when there’s a high-impact force (think: car accident, fall from a height) that causes the bone to break. Therefore, you’re likely to get medical attention because of the accident rather than needing to call an expert after.
Treating a Fracture
So, how do you treat a fracture? If the bone is out of place, the first step is to realign it (called a reduction). This can be done by manually manipulating the bone back into place or by surgically placing pins, screws, or plates to keep the bone in its proper position. Once the bone is aligned, it will need to heal; this process can take anywhere from weeks to months, depending on the extent of the injury and surgery.
During this time, you’ll likely be on crutches or in a cast/splint to keep the bone from moving. You’ll also need to see a doctor regularly to make sure the bone is healing properly. Dr. David Slattery is an orthopedic surgeon and one of the most reputable professionals in this industry, so this gives you an insight into the sort of expert you’ll see after a fracture.
Healthy Pregnancy: Importance of Prenatal Care
Prenatal care is one of the most important things you can do for a healthy pregnancy. It’s vital to your health and the health of your baby. Prenatal Vitamins are necessary for a developing baby and a pregnant woman needs 400 micrograms of folic acid daily. These Pregnancy Vitamins are essential to maintain a healthy pregnancy and prevent congenital disabilities in the baby.
Prenatal care includes regular check-ups with your healthcare provider, who will monitor your baby’s health and development. These appointments are an opportunity to ask questions, get information and support, and address any concerns you may have.
Prenatal care can help identify potential problems early when they’re most easily treated. It can also help you manage a healthy pregnancy by:
- Providing information on how to have a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy
- Offering advice on nutrition and exercise during pregnancy
- Helping you manage any medical conditions that may arise during pregnancy
- Offering guidance on managing stress during pregnancy
Prenatal care is essential for a healthy pregnancy and healthy baby. If you’re pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant, make an appointment with your healthcare provider to get started on prenatal care.
10 Questions to Ask Your Doctor at Your Prenatal Visits
Regular prenatal visits are a great time to talk to your doctor or midwife about any questions about your pregnancy, labor, and delivery. Here are some important topics to discuss:
1. What Physical Changes Can I Expect During Pregnancy?
During your pregnancy, you’ll experience various physical changes as your body adjusts to accommodate your growing baby. These changes can include weight gain, skin changes, and swelling in the extremities. It’s important to discuss any concerns you have about these changes with your doctor or midwife.
2. How Hormonal Changes During Pregnancy Can Affect Me?
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause a variety of symptoms, including mood swings, fatigue, and nausea. It’s important to discuss any concerns you have with your doctor or midwife. They can offer guidance on how to manage these symptoms.
3. What Can I Do to Cope With Stress During Pregnancy?
Pregnancy can be a stressful time. It’s important to discuss any concerns you have about stress with your doctor or midwife. They can offer guidance on relaxation techniques and stress management. However, here are some ways that may help you cope with stress during pregnancy:
- Staying active and getting regular exercise
- Eating a healthy diet
- Getting plenty of rest
- Limiting your exposure to stressful situations
- Seeking social support from family and friends
4. What Are the Signs of Labor?
Knowing the signs of labor is important so you can be prepared for when it begins. These signs can include contractions, effacement of the cervix, and dilation of the cervix. Discuss any concerns you have with your doctor or midwife.
5. What Are the Different Types of Delivery?
There are several different types of delivery, including vaginal delivery, cesarean delivery, and assisted delivery. Discuss your preferences with your doctor or midwife. They can help you understand the risks and benefits of each type of delivery.
Vaginal delivery: Vaginal delivery is the most common type of delivery. It involves delivering the baby through the birth canal. This type of delivery generally has a shorter recovery time than other types of delivery.
Cesarean delivery: Cesarean delivery, also known as a C-section, is a type of delivery in which the baby is delivered through an incision in the mother’s abdomen. This type of delivery may be necessary if the baby is in a breech position or if there are other complicating factors.
Assisted delivery: Assisted delivery is a type of delivery in which instruments, such as forceps or a vacuum extractor, are used to help deliver the baby. This type of delivery may be necessary if the mother is tired or the baby is large.
6. What Are the Signs of Preterm Labor?
Preterm labor is labor that begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Knowing the signs of preterm labor is important so you can seek medical help if necessary. These signs can include contractions, effacement of the cervix, and dilation of the cervix. If you notice any of these signs, get in touch with your doctor or midwife immediately.
7. What Is the Difference Between True Labor Contractions and Braxton Hicks Contractions?
During pregnancy, you can experience Braxton Hicks contractions, painless contractions of the uterus. These contractions are often referred to as false labor. True labor contractions, on the other hand, are regular and painful contractions that indicate that labor is beginning. Contact your doctor or midwife if you’re unsure whether you’re experiencing these two contractions.
8. When Should I Go to the Hospital if I Think I’m in Labor?
If you think you are in labor, it’s important to contact your doctor or midwife. They will be able to determine whether you are in labor and, if so, when you should go to the hospital. In general, you should go to the hospital when your contractions are 5 minutes apart and last for 60 seconds each. However, if you are experiencing other symptoms, such as vaginal bleeding or amniotic fluid leakage, you should go to the hospital immediately.
9. What Are My Options for Pain Relief During Labor and Delivery?
There are several options for pain relief during labor and delivery. These options can include medication, such as an epidural, or non-medication methods, such as massage or breathing techniques. Discuss your preferences with your doctor or midwife. They can help you understand the risks and benefits of each option.
10. What Is the Postpartum Period?
The postpartum period is the time after delivery when your body is adjusting to the new baby. This period can last for up to 6 weeks. During this time, you may experience mood swings, fatigue, and changes in your breasts and vagina. It’s important to get plenty of rest and eat a healthy diet during this time. Here are some tips for taking care of yourself during the postpartum period:
- Get plenty of rest: Sleep when your baby sleeps. This will help you recover from labor and delivery’s physical and emotional stress.
- Eat a healthy diet: Eating healthy will help you heal and give you energy.
- Avoid alcohol and smoking: Alcohol and smoking can interfere with your recovery.
- Exercise: Walking is a great way to get some exercise and fresh air.
Being pregnant and giving birth is a significant event in your life. It’s normal to have questions and concerns about labor and delivery. Be sure to discuss your questions and concerns with your doctor or midwife so you can be as prepared as possible for labor and delivery.
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