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What is the difference between Civil Law and Criminal Law?

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Let us not forget that the profession of a lawyer is more of engaging in disputes than in peace. In this profession, facts, figures, and even situations can be contorted to suit the requirements of the lawyer or an aspirant of the law. 

While this profession seems to be that of fighting cases and providing advice at the front, but this is just the tip of the iceberg and there is a lot more to it than seen at the forefront. 

Law students mostly face trouble while working on their assignments and thus require assignment help to successfully complete the same.

The profession of law brings a lawyer a sense of satisfaction and accomplishment and also through him ensures that the laws listed in the constitution are abided by and even people are made aware of the same. 

Lawyers assist people in getting justice or correcting the wrong or resolving conflicts as well as provide companies with legal assistance so that they don’t suffer in the long run. Before we delve into the differences between civil and criminal laws, let us first brief ourselves, about the different types of laws:

  • Constitutional law: It comes into play upon the violation of certain provisions of the Constitution or abridgment of fundamental rights by a person or a group of persons or even State for that matter.
  • Civil law: Civil law or the law of torts deals with settling disputes among individuals or companies. It deals more in compensating the victim rather than punishing the offender. Civil laws may include copyright violation, defamation, vicarious liability, marriage, divorce, and the like. 
  • Criminal law: This law is the one that people are most aware of. Criminal law focuses more on punishing plus fining rather than just finding the criminal. This law involves the commission of grave offenses that require rigorous punishment. For example, murder, rape, theft, culpable homicide, etc. 
  • Contract law: This law comes into play when a contract is signed between two or more parties and eventually this contract is breached. This breach of contract leads one party to sue the other. 
  • Property law: As the name suggests, this law deals with property dispute matters and seeks to resolve the same. These property disputes may involve personal property as well as government property.

Such are the varieties of law that trouble law students today since they are fresher into the field and are in the process of getting acquainted. Therefore they require assignment help in case of law so that they could successfully accomplish their task. 

Civil and criminal laws acquire most of the litigation process and thus are the ones most dealt with. Therefore let us understand a few basic differences between civil law and criminal law:

  1. Criminal law includes the commission of grave offenses thus these are considered to be against society at large because who knows when a criminal starts targeting other people as well. Thus punishments are given proportional to the crime committed. It deals with crimes such as murder, rape, robbery, assault, etc. Civil law deals with less grave offenses and offenses are committed between two parties. Therefore the offender will have to compensate the victim for the commission of his act. Civil law includes matters of money, marriage, divorce, custody, property, etc.
  2. In the case of criminal law, a case is first filed with the police, who investigate the matter, and then the case is taken to the court. In the case of Civil law, a case can directly be filed in the court or a tribunal, by the aggrieved party. 
  3. In the case of criminal law, the government files the petition because the crime committed can affect the State at large. In the case of Civil law, a case is filed by the aggrieved party or organization, who is also known as the ‘plaintiff’.
  4. In the case of Criminal law, the accused is prosecuted in the court of law whereas in the case of civil law the wrongdoer issued by the affected party or the complainant.
  5. The purpose of the criminal law is to punish the wrongdoer so that the others may learn a lesson and abstain from committing the same act again. Its motive is to maintain the law and order situation in the country. In the case of Civil law, the aim is to protect the rights of the individual or the organization and to ensure that the complainant is compensated satisfactorily.
  6. Both fines and punishments can be levied in case of Criminal law, proportional to the degree of crime committed. Civil law does not have any punishment but fines the accused, compensating the victim, thus settling the dispute.
  7. Another difference lies in the power of the court in both cases. In the case of criminal law, courts can charge a fine, imprison the guilty or discharge a person if he is proven innocent. In the case of civil law, the courts can give an order for compensating the victim for the damages caused.
  8. Certain terms are also different while both the cases are in court. In criminal cases, the accused is either guilty or not guilty and is declared so by the court. In the case of civil law, the accused is either liable or not liable.

Thus these are the major differences between civil law and criminal law. Students tend to get confused in these terminologies thus seek online Law assignment help because the law is not as easy as it looks. Therefore if you understand clearly what is taught to you in class, what is mentioned in your law books, and of course the above-mentioned points, you won’t have to wander for help or seek online assignment help.

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